Selected References of Regulations
on or relevant for Contract Farming Operations
This page is mainly dedicated to (mandatory and/or soft law) domestic regulations with a direct relevance to contract farming operations. As regards soft law instruments adopted by international organisations, please also refer to the "Good Practices & Standards" section.
Internet resource centers
FAOLEX is a comprehensive and up-to-date computerized legislative database, one of the world's largest electronic collection of national laws and regulations on food, agriculture and renewable natural resources
See also: FAO Contract Farming Resource Centre - FAO Internet Resource Center with access to a wealth of bibliographical references (including legal material) and contract samples.
Regulation (EU) No 261/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2012 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 as regards contractual relations in the milk and milk products sector
British Institute of International and Comparative Law - Models of Enforcement in Europe for Relations in the Food Supply Chain - with links (at pp. 36-37 of document) to hard law regulation (Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Romania and the United Kingdom) and soft law regulation (Belgium, France and Slovenia) on enforcement mechanisms to improve trading relationships, in particular regarding unfair commercial practices and unequal bargaining power between retailers and suppliers in the food supply chain, as well as a non EU (Argentina) and plans for regulation (Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Norway).
Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products and repealing Council Regulations (EEC) No 922/72, (EEC) No 234/79, (EC) No 1037/2001 and (EC) No 1234/2007, in particular Article 168 et seq.
Ley 25.113 de 1999 sobre contrato de maquila o de depósito de maquila
Provincia de Rio Negro: Régimen de transparencia para la vinculación entre la producción, empaque, indústria y comercialización de frutas en Río Negro - LEY E 3.611 - 11 de Agosto de 2011
Food and Grocery Code of Conduct - a voluntary code prescribed under the Competition and Consumer Act 2010
The guide to the horticulture code for growers and wholesale traders in the horticulture industry, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, 2011
Instrução Normativa MDA nº 1 de 19/02/2009 Instrução Normativa MDA nº 1 de 19/02/2009 - Dispõe sobre os critérios e procedimentos relativos à concessão, manutenção e uso do selo combustível social
LEI Nº 13.288, DE 16 DE MAIO DE 2016 - sobre os contratos de integração vertical nas atividades agrossilvipastoris
- Contrat d’intégration
L326-1 to 326-10 Code rural – Law n° 64-678 of 6 July 1964
R326-1 to R326-10 Code rural – implementation rules for standard agreements
Contract forms in application of implementation rules for standard agreements
Decree of 15 March 1988 approving a standard integration contract for veal calf production (“contrat type pour l'élevage à façon de veaux de boucherie”)
Decree of 15 March 1988 approving a standard integration contract for broiler production (“contrat type d'intégration pour la production de volailles de chair à façon”)
- Legislation on marketing contracts
L. 631-24 to 631-26 Code rural - Contracts of sale of agricultural products to be marketed or processed ("Les contrats de vente de produits agricoles") - Law of 27 July 2010 modified by law n°2014-344 of 17 March 2014 - art. 125 (V)
Arrêté du 15 février 2011 portant extension de l’accord interprofessionnel du 1er décembre 2010 définissant les clauses obligatoires devant figurer dans les contrats de vente applicables pour le secteur ovin
Hungarian civil code (entered into force on 15 March 2014) Translation by Wolters Kluwer, Budapest, in 2013). Excerpts – to be noted in particular - Chapter XXXIV on "Types of sales contracts", Sections 6:232 and 6:233 - Chapter XXXVII on "Works contracts".
Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture No. 98/PERMENTAN/OT.140/9/2013 of 2013 concerning the Guidelines of Plantation Business Licensing ("Permentan No. 98/2013").
Grocery Goods Regulations - 30 April 2016
Legislation on marketing contracts
Law 102/2005 for the Regulation of agrifood markets (“Regolazione dei mercati agroalimentari”)
Decreto legge 24 gennaio 2012 n. 1 - Disciplina delle relazioni commerciali in materia di cessione di prodotti agricoli e agroalimentari
Law n° 04-12 on “agrégation agricole” of 17 July 2012
Agrarian Code adopted by Law 55 of 23 May 2011 ("Código agrario de la República de Panama")
December 8, 2006 Dar Administrative Order NO. 09-06 on Agribusiness Venture Arrangements (AVAs) in Agrarian Reform Areas.
Department of Agrarian Reform - Administrative Order No. 04, Series of 2016 on "Rules on Agri-Business Venture Agreements" (pending).
Cataluna Law 2/2005 on integration contracts (“contrato de integración”)
and Implementation act regarding a standard form of agreement (Resolución ARP/2974/2005) (ARP/2974/2005, de 13 de octubre, por la que se aprueba el modelo homologado de contrato de integración)
Ley 2/2000, de 7 de enero, reguladora de los contratos tipo de productos agroalimentarios (modificada por la ley de 3 de agosto de 2013 BOCG 10A37-1)
Resolución de 10 de diciembre de 2015, de la Dirección General de la Industria Alimentaria, por la que se publica el Código de Buenas Prácticas Mercantiles en la Contratación Alimentaria
The crops laws (miscellaneous amendments) Act, 2009The crops laws (miscellaneous amendments) Act, 2009 (An Act to amend various crops laws with a view to rationalizing roles and functions of Crop Boards, their financing and to provide for other related matters)
Agriculture Code No 5488 of 2006 (in particular Art. 13)
Regulation regarding procedures and principles of contract farming 26 April 2008, official gazette no 26858 (in Turkish)
The Groceries (Supply Chain Practices) Market Investigation Order 2009 (entered into force February 2010) including the Groceries Supply Code of Practice (“GSCOP”)
United States of America
US National Agricultural Law Center Internet Resource Center - The US National Agricultural Law Center in cooperation with the Drake Agricultural Law Center at Drake University School of Law in Des Moines, Iowa has developed an Internet resource center providing access to US statutes and regulations, case law, bibliography and research material and other references
- Selected production contract legislation:
Model Producer Protection Act (MPPA)
Protecting Contract Growers - Iowa Producer Protection Act
- Other legislation
The Packers and Stockyards Act 1921 - National Agricultural Law Center, The Packers and Stockyards Act: An Overview (2003).
California Transparency in Supply Chains Act of 2010 (SB 657) Senate Bill No. 657
Ley N° 17.777 de 2004 – Constitución de asociaciones y sociedades agrarias, contratos agrarios colectivos y de integración
Summary of main policies related to contract farming in Vietnam: Dang, K., Trand, D., and Dung, V., Contract farming in Vietnam - Policy review and emerging issues. Dang Kim Khoi, Trand, D., and Dung, V., Contract farming in Vietnam - Policy review and emerging issues, in: UNIDROIT 2014 - Study 80A - Doc. 20: The Legal Dimension of Contract Farming - Promoting Good Contract Practices between Producers and Buyers in Contract Farming Operations in the Asian Context (Bangkok, 26 september 2014) (Appendix 1, p. 15)
Prime Minister Decision 62/2013/QD-TTG on the policy encouraging development of the co-operation and the linkage between the production and the consumption of agricultural products and the construction of large field (25 October 2013) – replacing Decision No. 80/2002/QD-TTG Circular 15/2014/TT-BNNPTNT of 29 April 2014 offering an interpretation and guidance on a number of articles of Decision 62.