Selected References of Regulations 

on or relevant for Contract Farming Operations




As for all the material indicated on the CoP Web platform, the references below are by no means intended to be comprehensive. Any suggestions of additions or updates are welcome. Pls write to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


This page is mainly dedicated to (mandatory and/or soft law) domestic regulations with a direct relevance to contract farming operations. As regards soft law instruments adopted by international organisations, please also refer to the "Good Practices & Standards" section.



   -   Internet resource centers

   -   EU Legislation

   -   International instruments



   -   Belgium 

   -   Bolivia 

   -   Brazil 

   -   Cambodia 

   -   Chile

   -   France 

   -   Hungary 

   -   India 

   -   Ireland

   -   Italy 

   -   Morocco 

   -   New Zealand

   -   Panama 

   -   Philippines 

   -   Spain 

   -   Tanzania 

   -   Turkey

   -   United Kingdom 

   -   United States of America 

   -   Uruguay 

   -   Vietnam

    -  Zimbabwe



Internet resource centers

FAOLEX is a comprehensive and up-to-date computerized legislative database, one of the world's largest electronic collection of national laws and regulations on food, agriculture and renewable natural resources 


See also: FAO Contract Farming Resource Centre - FAO Internet Resource Center with access to a wealth of bibliographical references (including legal material) and contract samples.



International instruments

For an expanded section regarding soft law instruments and good practices recommendations adopted by international organisations, please also refer to the "Good Practices & Standards" section.


UNIDROIT/FAO/IFAD Legal Guide on Contract Farming

Guide juridique sur l'agriculture contractuelle UNIDROIT/FAO/IFAD


2016 UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts  

Principes d'UNIDROIT 2016 relatifs aux contrats du commerce international


1980 - United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG)

Convention des Nations Unies sur les contrats de vente internationale de marchandises (CVIM) 1980




EU Legislation

Regulation (EU) No 261/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2012 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 as regards contractual relations in the milk and milk products sector 


Directive 2011/7/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 on combating late payment in commercial transactions Text with EEA relevance 


British Institute of International and Comparative Law - Models of Enforcement in Europe for Relations in the Food Supply Chain - with links (at pp. 36-37 of document) to hard law regulation (Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Romania and the United Kingdom) and soft law regulation (Belgium, France and Slovenia) on enforcement mechanisms to improve trading relationships, in particular regarding unfair commercial practices and unequal bargaining power between retailers and suppliers in the food supply chain, as well as a non EU (Argentina) and plans for regulation (Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Norway). 


European Commission - Green Paper on unfair trading practices in the business-to-business food and non-food supply chain in Europe 


Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products and repealing Council Regulations (EEC) No 922/72, (EEC) No 234/79, (EC) No 1037/2001 and (EC) No 1234/2007, in particular Article 168 et seq. 



Ley 25.113 de 1999 sobre contrato de maquila o de depósito de maquila 

Provincia de Rio Negro: Régimen de transparencia para la vinculación entre la producción, empaque, indústria y comercialización de frutas en Río Negro - LEY E 3.611 - 11 de Agosto de 2011



Food and Grocery Code of Conduct - a voluntary code prescribed under the Competition and Consumer Act 2010

The guide to the horticulture code for growers and wholesale traders in the horticulture industry, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, 2011



Loi relative à l’intégration verticale dans le secteur de la production animale, 1 avril 1976



Ley del complejo productivo de la caña de azúcar – n° 307 de 10 de noviembre de 2012 



Instrução Normativa MDA nº 1 de 19/02/2009 Instrução Normativa MDA nº 1 de 19/02/2009 - Dispõe sobre os critérios e procedimentos relativos à concessão, manutenção e uso do selo combustível social 

LEI Nº 13.288, DE 16 DE MAIO DE 2016 - sobre os contratos de integração vertical nas atividades agrossilvipastoris



Sub-Decree No 36 on Contract Farming - 24 February 2011 (informal source)




Ley 20797 de 5 de dic de 2014 por la que se crea un registro voluntario de contratos agricolas, y su relativo decreto de aplicacion de 8 de septiembre de 2016



Costa Rica

Reglamento Ejecutivo de la Ley Organica de la Agricultura e Industria de la Caña de Azúcar N° 7818 de 2 de setiembre de 1998

Reforma Reglamento Ley Orgánica Agricultura e Industria de la Caña de Azúcar N° 33066, de 24 de abril de 2006Reforma Reglamento Ley Orgánica Agricultura e Industria de la Caña de Azúcar N° 33066, de 24 de abril de 2006




-   Contrat d’intégration

      L326-1 to 326-10 Code rural  – Law n° 64-678 of 6 July 1964 

      R326-1 to R326-10 Code rural  – implementation rules for standard agreements

         Contract forms in application of implementation rules for standard agreements 

          Decree of 15 March 1988 approving a standard integration contract for veal calf           production (“contrat type pour l'élevage à façon de veaux de boucherie”) 

          Decree of 15 March 1988 approving a standard integration contract for           broiler production (“contrat type d'intégration pour la production de volailles de chair à façon”) 

 -   Legislation on marketing contracts 

      L. 631-24 to 631-26 Code rural -  Contracts of sale of agricultural products to be marketed or      processed ("Les contrats de vente de produits agricoles") - Law of 27 July 2010 modified by      law n°2014-344 of 17 March 2014 - art. 125 (V) 

      Décret n° 2010-1754 du 30 décembre 2010 pris pour l'application de l'article L. 631-24 du code rural et de la pêche maritime dans le secteur des fruits et légumes 

      Décret n° 2010-1753 du 30 décembre 2010 pris pour l'application de l'article L. 631-24 du  code rural et de la pêche maritime dans le secteur laitier  

     Arrêté du 15 février 2011 portant extension de l’accord interprofessionnel du 1er décembre 2010 définissant les clauses obligatoires devant figurer dans les contrats de vente applicables pour le secteur ovin

 Décret n° 2011-2007 du 28 décembre 2011 relatif au médiateur des contrats agricoles (NOR: AGRT1132967D) - JORF n° 0301 du 29 décembre 2011

et Décret no 2015-548 du 18 mai 2015 relatif au médiateur des relations commerciales agricoles


Hungarian civil code (entered into force on 15 March 2014) Translation by Wolters Kluwer, Budapest, in 2013). Excerpts – to be noted in particular - Chapter XXXIV on "Types of sales contracts", Sections 6:232 and 6:233 - Chapter XXXVII on "Works contracts".



Agricultural Produce Marketing Act (APMC) (2003) 

Punjab Contract Farming Act, 2013




Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture No. 98/PERMENTAN/OT.140/9/2013 of 2013 concerning the Guidelines of Plantation Business Licensing ("Permentan No. 98/2013"). 



Grocery Goods Regulations - 30 April 2016



Legislation on marketing contracts  

Law 102/2005 for the Regulation of agrifood markets (“Regolazione dei mercati agroalimentari”) 

Decreto legge 24 gennaio 2012 n. 1 - Disciplina delle relazioni commerciali in materia di cessione di prodotti agricoli e agroalimentari




Ley de desarrollo rural sustentable - publicado en DOF el 7 de diciembre de 2011 - texto vigente con la ultima reforma publicada en DOF el 12 de enero de 2012

Ley de desarrollo sustentable de la Caña de Azúcar - Texto vigente, nueva ley publicada en DOF el 22 de agosto de 2005




Law n° 04-12 on “agrégation agricole” of 17 July 2012 



New Zealand

Commerce Act 1986 amended by : Commerce (Supermarket Adjudicator and Code of Conduct) Amendment Bill 2015



Agrarian Code  adopted by Law 55 of 23 May 2011 ("Código agrario de la República de Panama")



December 8, 2006 Dar Administrative Order NO. 09-06 on Agribusiness Venture Arrangements (AVAs) in Agrarian Reform Areas.

Department of Agrarian Reform - Administrative Order No. 04, Series of 2016 on "Rules on Agri-Business Venture Agreements" (pending)



Cataluna Law 2/2005 on integration contracts (“contrato de integración”) 

and Implementation act regarding a standard form of agreement (Resolución ARP/2974/2005) (ARP/2974/2005, de 13 de octubre, por la que se aprueba el modelo homologado de contrato de integración) 


Ley 2/2000, de 7 de enero, reguladora de los contratos tipo de productos agroalimentarios (modificada por la ley de 3 de agosto de 2013 BOCG 10A37-1)

BOCG 10A37-1 Ley de 3 de agosto de 2013 de medidas para mejorar el funcionamiento de la cadena alimentaria

Resolución de 10 de diciembre de 2015, de la Dirección General de la Industria Alimentaria, por la que se publica el Código de Buenas Prácticas Mercantiles en la Contratación Alimentaria


The crops laws (miscellaneous amendments) Act, 2009The crops laws (miscellaneous amendments) Act, 2009  (An Act to amend various crops laws with a view to rationalizing roles and functions of Crop Boards, their financing and to provide for other related matters)




Agriculture Code No 5488 of 2006 (in particular Art. 13)

Regulation regarding procedures and principles of contract farming 26 April 2008, official gazette no 26858 (in Turkish)

Amended on 5 September 2014, official gazette no 29110  (in Turkish)


United Kingdom

Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977

The Groceries (Supply Chain Practices) Market Investigation Order 2009 (entered into force February 2010) including the Groceries Supply Code of Practice (“GSCOP”)

Groceries Code Adjudicator Act 2013



United States of America


US National Agricultural Law Center Internet Resource Center - The US National Agricultural Law Center in cooperation with the Drake Agricultural Law Center at Drake University School of Law in Des Moines, Iowa has developed an Internet resource center providing access to US statutes and regulations, case law, bibliography and research material and other references


-   Selected production contract legislation:

     Model Producer Protection Act (MPPA)

     Protecting Contract Growers - Iowa Producer Protection Act 

     Illinois Agricultural Production Contract Code 

     Maryland Farmers' Rights Act (SB 761)

     Minnesota Agricultural Contracts Act 

     Wisconsin “Vegetable Procurement Practices”   

     Wisconsin « Chapter ATCP 100 – MILK CONTRACTORS”


-   Other legislation 

     The Packers and Stockyards Act 1921 - National Agricultural Law Center, The Packers and       Stockyards Act: An Overview (2003).  

     California Transparency in Supply Chains Act of 2010 (SB 657) Senate Bill No. 657



Ley N° 17.777 de 2004 – Constitución de asociaciones y sociedades agrarias, contratos agrarios colectivos y de integración 



Summary of main policies related to contract farming in Vietnam: Dang, K., Trand, D., and Dung, V., Contract farming in Vietnam - Policy review and emerging issues. Dang Kim Khoi, Trand, D., and Dung, V., Contract farming in Vietnam - Policy review and emerging issues, in: UNIDROIT 2014 - Study 80A - Doc. 20: The Legal Dimension of Contract Farming - Promoting Good Contract Practices between Producers and Buyers in Contract Farming Operations in the Asian Context (Bangkok, 26 september 2014)  (Appendix 1, p. 15)


Prime Minister Decision 62/2013/QD-TTG on the policy encouraging development of the co-operation and the linkage between the production and the consumption of agricultural products and the construction of large field (25 October 2013) – replacing Decision No. 80/2002/QD-TTG Circular 15/2014/TT-BNNPTNT of 29 April 2014 offering an interpretation and guidance on a number of articles of Decision 62.




 Agricultural Marketing Authority (Grain, Oilseed and Oilseed Products) Regulations, 2013



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