AGRICULTURE     |      CAPITAL MARKETS     |      CIVIL PROCEDURE     |      CONTRACTS     |      CULTURAL PROPERTY     |      SECURED TRANSACTIONS       

 

 

 

Selected References of Regulations 

on or relevant for Contract Farming Operations

 

 

 

As for all the material indicated on the CoP Web platform, the references below are by no means intended to be comprehensive. Any suggestions of additions or updates are welcome. Please write to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

This page is mainly dedicated to (mandatory and/or soft law) domestic regulations with a direct relevance to contract farming operations. As regards soft law instruments adopted by international organisations, please also refer to the "Good Practices & Standards" section.

 

 

 - Internet resource centers

 - EU Legislation

 - International instruments 

 - Argentina

 - Australia

 - Belgium 

 - Bolivia 

 - Brazil 

 - Cambodia 

 - Chile

 - Colombia

 - Costa Rica

 - Egypt

 - El Salvador

 - France 

 - Hungary 

 - India

 - Indonesia

 - Ireland

 - Italy

 - Kenya

 - Malawi

 - Mexico

 - Morocco 

 - Nepal

 - New Zealand

 - Panama 

 - Philippines 

 - Russian Federation

 - Rwanda

 - Spain 

 - Tanzania 

 - Thailand

 - Turkey

 - United Kingdom 

 - United States of America 

 - Uruguay 

 - Vietnam

 - Zimbabwe

 

 

Internet resource centers

 

FAOLEX is a comprehensive and up-to-date computerized legislative database, one of the world's largest electronic collection of national laws and regulations on food, agriculture and renewable natural resources 

 

See also: FAO Contract Farming Resource Centre - FAO Internet Resource Center with access to a wealth of bibliographical references (including legal material) and contract samples.

 

 

  

International instruments

 

For an expanded section regarding soft law instruments and good practices recommendations adopted by international organisations, please also refer to the "Good Practices & Standards" section.

 

UNIDROIT/FAO/IFAD Legal Guide on Contract Farming

Guide juridique sur l'agriculture contractuelle UNIDROIT/FAO/IFAD

Guía Jurídica sobre Agricultura por Contrato UNIDROIT/FAO/IFAD

 

2016 UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts  

Principes d'UNIDROIT 2016 relatifs aux contrats du commerce international

Principios UNIDROIT sobre los contratos comerciales internacionales 2016

 

1980 - United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG)

Convention des Nations Unies sur les contrats de vente internationale de marchandises (CVIM) 1980

 

   

 

EU Legislation

 

Directive 2011/7/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 on combating late payment in commercial transactions Text with EEA relevance; 

 

Regulation (EU) No 261/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2012 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 as regards contractual relations in the milk and milk products sector;

as amended by the Omnibus Regulation, adopted on 12/12/2017

 

European Commission - Green Paper on unfair trading practices in the business-to-business food and non-food supply chain in Europe (2013);

 

Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products and repealing Council Regulations (EEC) No 922/72, (EEC) No 234/79, (EC) No 1037/2001 and (EC) No 1234/2007, in particular Article 168 et seq.;

 

British Institute of International and Comparative Law - Models of Enforcement in Europe for Relations in the Food Supply Chain - with links (at pp. 36-37 of document) to hard law regulation (Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Romania and the United Kingdom) and soft law regulation (Belgium, France and Slovenia) on enforcement mechanisms to improve trading relationships, in particular regarding unfair commercial practices and unequal bargaining power between retailers and suppliers in the food supply chain, as well as a non EU (Argentina) and plans for regulation (Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Norway);

 

Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on unfair trading practices in business-to-business relationships in the food supply chain, Brussels, 12.4.2018, COM/2018/0173 final.

 

 

Argentina

 

elaboración por cuenta de terceros", "a maquila" o por "cuenta del viñatero";

 

Ley 25.113 de 1999 sobre contrato de maquila o de depósito de maquila;

 

Provincia de Rio Negro: Régimen de transparencia para la vinculación entre la producción, empaque, indústria y comercialización de frutas en Río Negro - LEY E 3.611 - 11 de Agosto de 2011.

 

 

Australia

 

Food and Grocery Code of Conduct - a voluntary code prescribed under the Competition and Consumer Act 2010;

 

The guide to the horticulture code for growers and wholesale traders in the horticulture industry, Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, 2011;

 

Competition and Consumer (Industry Codes - Horticulture) Regulations 2017.

 

 

Belgium

 

Loi relative à l’intégration verticale dans le secteur de la production animale, 1 avril 1976

 

Belgische Kamer Van Volksvertegenwoordigers – Wetsvoorstel tot wijziging van het Wetboek van economisch recht, teneinde bij de handelsbetrekkingen tussen ondernemingen de kmo’s en de kleine producenten beter te beschermen, alsook bepaalde oneerlijke praktijken en bepaalde misbruiken inzake economische afhankelijkheid krachtdadiger tegen te gaan – Chambre des Représentants de Belgique – Proposition de Loi modifiant le Code de droit économique, visant à mieux protéger les PME et les petits producteurs dans le cadre des relations interentreprises et à mieux lutter contre certaines pratiques déloyales et certains abus de dépendance économique – 10 January 2018 – Doc 54 2885/001.

 

 

Bolivia

 

Ley del complejo productivo de la caña de azúcar – n° 307 de 10 de noviembre de 2012 

 

 

Brazil

 

Instrução Normativa MDA nº 1 de 19/02/2009 Instrução Normativa MDA nº 1 de 19/02/2009 - Dispõe sobre os critérios e procedimentos relativos à concessão, manutenção e uso do selo combustível social;

 

LEI Nº 13.288, DE 16 DE MAIO DE 2016 - sobre os contratos de integração vertical nas atividades agrossilvipastoris;

 

Portaria Nº 512, DE 5 DE SETEMBRO DE 2017 - Dispõe sobre os critérios e procedimentos relativos à concessão, manutenção e uso do selo combustível social.

 

 

Cambodia

 

Sub-Decree No 36 on Contract Farming - 24 February 2011 (informal source);

 

Policy Document on Promotion of Paddy Rice Production and Export of Milled Rice (2013);

 

Law on Agricultural Cooperatives (2013);

 

National Strategic Development Plan 2014-2018 (2014);

 

Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries supported by the European Union – Guidebook for Investors in the Agricultural Sector (2017).

 

 

 

Chile

 

Ley 20797 de 5 de dic de 2014 por la que se crea un registro voluntario de contratos agricolas, y su relativo decreto de aplicacion de 8 de septiembre de 2016

 

 

 

Colombia

 

Ley 1776 de 2016, por la cual se crean y se desarrollan las zonas de Interés de desarrollo rural, económico y social, Zidres.

 

 

Costa Rica

 

Ley Nº 2.762 - Ley sobre el régimen de relaciones entre productores, beneficiadores y exportadores de café (1961);

 

Reglamento Ejecutivo de la Ley Organica de la Agricultura e Industria de la Caña de Azúcar N° 7818 de 2 de setiembre de 1998;

 

Decreto Nº 28.018/MAG - Reglamento a la Ley sobre el régimen de relaciones entre productores, beneficiadores y exportadores de café (1999);

 

Ley de la creación de la Corporación Arrocera (Ley Nº 8285) (2002);

 

Decreto Nº 32.968/MAG/MEIC - Reglamento a la Ley Nº 8.285, Ley de creación de la Corporación Arrocera (2005);

 

Reforma Reglamento Ley Orgánica Agricultura e Industria de la Caña de Azúcar N° 33066, de 24 de abril de 2006.

 

 

 

Egypt

 

Sustainable Agricultural Development Strategy Towards 2030 (2009).

 

 

 

El Salvador

 

-   Decreto No. 490, Ley de la producción, industrialización y comercialización de la agroindustria azucarera de El Salvador (2001).

 

 

 

France

 

-   Contrat d’intégration 

      L326-1 to 326-10 Code rural  – Law n° 64-678 of 6 July 1964;  

      R326-1 to R326-10 Code rural  – implementation rules for standard agreements; 

      Contract forms in application of implementation rules for standard agreements; 

Decree of 15 March 1988 approving a standard integration contract for veal calf production (“contrat type pour l'élevage à façon de veaux de boucherie”);  

Decree of 15 March 1988 approving a standard integration contract for broiler production (“contrat type d'intégration pour la production de volailles de chair à façon”); 

 

-   Legislation on marketing contracts  

  1. L. 631-24 to 631-26 Code rural-  Contracts of sale of agricultural products to be marketed or processed ("Les contrats de vente de produits agricoles") - Law of 27 July 2010 modified by law n°2014-344 of 17 March 2014 - art. 125 (V); 

Décret n° 2010-1754 du 30 décembre 2010 pris pour l'application de l'article L. 631-24 du code rural et de la pêche maritime dans le secteur des fruits et légumes;  

Décret n° 2010-1753 du 30 décembre 2010 pris pour l'application de l'article L. 631-24 du code rural et de la pêche maritime dans le secteur laitier;   

Arrêté du 15 février 2011 portant extension de l’accord interprofessionnel du 1er décembre 2010 définissant les clauses obligatoires devant figurer dans les contrats de vente applicables pour le secteur ovin; 

Décret n° 2011-2007 du 28 décembre 2011 relatif au médiateur des contrats agricoles (NOR: AGRT1132967D) - JORF n° 0301 du 29 décembre 2011

et Décret no 2015-548 du 18 mai 2015 relatif au médiateur des relations commerciales agricoles.

 

Code de commerce  - sous titre IV "De la transparence, des pratiques restrictives de concurrence et d'autres pratiques prohibées." : Chap. préliminaire (La commission d'examen des pratiques commerciales) et (notamment) Art. 441-6 à 10 - Art. 442-9 - Art. L 443-1

 

Hungary

 

Hungarian civil code (entered into force on 15 March 2014) Translation by Wolters Kluwer, Budapest, in 2013). Excerpts – to be noted in particular - Chapter XXXIV on "Types of sales contracts", Sections 6:232 and 6:233 - Chapter XXXVII on "Works contracts".

 

 

India

 

Central Legislation:

Agricultural Produce Marketing Act (APMC) (2003);

 

Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare – Report of the Committee on Doubling Farmers’ Income, Volume IV (draft, 2017) and Volume XIII (draft, 2018);

 

The State /UT Agricultural Produce & Livestock Contract Farming and Services (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2018 (draft, 2018).

 

State Legislation:

The Nagaland Agricultural Produce Marketing (Development and Regulation) Act, 2005;

 

The Arunachal Pradesh Agricultural Produce Marketing (Regulation) Act, 1989 (as amended in 2006);

 

The Rajasthan Agricultural Produce Markets Act, 1961 (as last amended in 2008);

 

The Punjab Contract Farming Act, 2013;

 

The Gujarat Agricultural Produce Markets Act, 1963 (as last amended in 2015);

 

The Andhra Pradesh (Agricultural, Produce and Livestock) Markets Act, 1966 (as amended in 2015);

 

The Telangana (Agricultural Produce & Livestock) Markets Act, 1966 (as amended in 2016);

 

The Telangana (Agricultural Produce & Livestock) Markets Rules, 1969 (as amended in 2017).

 

 

Indonesia

 

Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture No. 98/PERMENTAN/OT.140/9/2013 of 2013 concerning the Guidelines of Plantation Business Licensing ("Permentan No. 98/2013"). 

 

 

 

Ireland

 

Grocery Goods Regulations - 30 April 2016

Consumer Protection Act 2007 (Grocery Goods Undertakings) Regulations 2016 - 30 April 2016.

 

 

Italy

 

- Legislation on marketing contracts

 

Decreto Legislativo 102/2005 for the Regulation of agrifood markets (“Regolazione dei mercati agroalimentari”) (in Italian);

 

Decreto Legge 24 gennaio 2012 n. 1 - Disciplina delle relazioni commerciali in materia di cessione di prodotti agricoli e agroalimentari (in Italian);

 

Decreto 19 ottobre 2012, n. 199 – Regolamento di attuazione dell’articolo 62 del decreto-legge 24 gennaio 2012, n. 1, recante disposizione urgenti per la concorrenza, lo sviluppo delle infrastrutture e la competitività, convertito, con modificazioni, dalla legge 24 marzo 2012, n. 27.

 

 

Kenya

 

Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Authority - Horticolture Code of Conduct, Guidelines for contractual agreements between the producer and dealer in the industry (2016).

 

 

 

Malawi

 

Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Water Development, National Agriculture Policy (2016).

 

 

Mexico

 

Ley de desarrollo rural sustentable - publicado en DOF el 7 de diciembre de 2001 - texto vigente con la ultima reforma publicada en DOF el 22 de diciembre de 2017;

 

Ley de desarrollo sustentable de la Caña de Azúcar - Texto vigente, nueva ley publicada en DOF el 22 de agosto de 2005

 

 

Morocco

 

Plan Maroc Vert (2008);

 

Loi n° 04-12 relative à l’agrégation agricole of 17 July 2012;

 

Décret N° 2-12-490 du 19 moharrem 1434 (4 décembre 2012) pris pour application de la loi n° 04-12 relative à l’agrégation agricole;

 

Arrêté conjoint du ministre de l’agriculture et de la pêche maritime, du ministre de l’intérieur et du ministre de l’économie et des finances n° 3073-14 du 12 kaada 1435 (8 septembre 2014) fixant les formes et les modalités d’approbation des projets d’agrégation agricole et de délivrance des attestations d’agrégation agricole;

 

Arrêté conjoint du ministre de l’agriculture et de la pêche maritime, du ministre de l’intérieur et du ministre de l’économie et des finances n° 3074-14 du 12 kaada 1435 (8 septembre 2014) fixant les montants, les taux, les plafonds et les modalités d’octroi des subventions accordées aux projets d’agrégation agricole.

 

 

Nepal

 

Government of Nepal, Ministry of Commerce and Supplies - Trade Policy, 2009;

 

Government of Nepal, Ministry of Agricultural Development – National Seed Vision 2013 -2025 (seed Sector Development Strategy) (2013).

 

 

 

New Zealand

 

Commerce Act 1986 amended by : Commerce (Supermarket Adjudicator and Code of Conduct) Amendment Bill 2015

 

 

Panama

 

Agrarian Code adopted by Law 55 of 23 May 2011 ("Código agrario de la República de Panama") (in particular, articles 41-49 and 134-138).

 

 

Philippines

 

December 8, 2006 Dar Administrative Order NO. 09-06 Revised Rules and Regulations Governing Agribusiness Venture Arrangements (AVAs) in Agrarian Reform Areas;

 

Senate Bill No. 1351-2017, an act regulating the establishment and implementation of agribusiness ventures arrangements (AVAs) in agrarian reform lands (pending);

 

House Bill No. 919-2017, resolution directing the committee on agrarian reform to conduct an investigation, in aid of legislation, on the impact of agribusiness venture arrangements (AVAs) in the country, in light of the mounting demand of agrarian reform beneficiaries (ARBs), farmers and agricultural workers for its revocation (pending);

 

House Bill No. 5085-2017, an act regulating the establishment and implementation of agribusiness ventures arrangements (AVAs) in agrarian reform lands (pending).

 

 

Russian Federation

 

Civil Code (Гражданского кодекса), Articles 535-538 (in Russian).

 

 

Rwanda

 

Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources – National Agriculture Policy (June 2017).

 

 

Spain

 

Cataluna Law 2/2005 on integration contracts (“contrato de integración”) 

 

and Implementation act regarding a standard form of agreement (Resolución ARP/2974/2005) (ARP/2974/2005, de 13 de octubre, por la que se aprueba el modelo homologado de contrato de integración) 

 

Ley 2/2000, de 7 de enero, reguladora de los contratos tipo de productos agroalimentarios (modificada por la ley de 3 de agosto de 2013 BOCG 10A37-1)

 

BOCG 10A37-1 Ley de 3 de agosto de 2013 de medidas para mejorar el funcionamiento de la cadena alimentaria

 

Resolución de 10 de diciembre de 2015, de la Dirección General de la Industria Alimentaria, por la que se publica el Código de Buenas Prácticas Mercantiles en la Contratación Alimentaria

 

 

Tanzania

 

Pyrethrum Act (No. 1 of 1997), Article 24;

 

Sisal Industry Act, 1997 (No. 2 of 1997), Article 19A;

 

Tea Act, 1997 (No. 3 of 1997), Article 25A;

 

Cotton Industry Act (Act No. 2 of 2001), Article 14A;

 

Coffee Industry Act (Act No. 23 of 2001), Article 34A;

 

Tobacco Industry Act (Act. No. 24 of 2001), Article 7A;

 

Sugar Industry Act (Act No. 26 of 2001), Article 37;

 

The crops laws (miscellaneous amendments) Act, 2009 (An Act to amend various crops laws with a view to rationalizing roles and functions of Crop Boards, their financing and to provide for other related matters);

 

Agricultural Sector Development Programme Phase Two (ASDP II), Government Programme Document (2016). 

 

 

Thailand

 

Contract Farming Promotion and Development Act (2017) (tentative English translation).

 

 

 

Turkey

 

Agriculture Code No 5488 of 2006 (in particular Art. 13);

 

Regulation regarding procedures and principles of contract farming 26 April 2008, official gazette no. 26858 (in Turkish);

 

Guiding Regulation relating to the import of cattle (2015);

 

Regulation on procedures and principles of contract farming in poultry 27 October 2017, official gazette no. 30223 (in Turkish).

 

 

United Kingdom

 

Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977

 

The Groceries (Supply Chain Practices) Market Investigation Order 2009 (entered into force February 2010) including the Groceries Supply Code of Practice (“GSCOP”)

 

Groceries Code Adjudicator Act 2013

 

 

 

United States of America

 

US National Agricultural Law Center Internet Resource Center - The US National Agricultural Law Center in cooperation with the Drake Agricultural Law Center at Drake University School of Law in Des Moines, Iowa has developed an Internet resource center providing access to US statutes and regulations, case law, bibliography and research material and other references.

 

- Selected agricultural production contract legislation:

 Federal legislation:

 

State legislation:

 

 

 

Uruguay

 

Ley N° 17.777 de 2004 – Constitución de asociaciones y sociedades agrarias, contratos agrarios colectivos y de integración 

 

 

Vietnam

 

Prime Minister Decision 62/2013/QD-TTG on the policy encouraging development of the co-operation and the linkage between the production and the consumption of agricultural products and the construction of large field (25 October 2013) – replacing Decision No. 80/2002/QD-TTG Circular 15/2014/TT-BNNPTNT of 29 April 2014 offering an interpretation and guidance on a number of articles of Decision 62.

 

  

Zimbabwe

 

Comprehensive Agricultural Policy Framework (2012-2032), 2012;

 

Agricultural Marketing Authority (Grain, Oilseed and Oilseed Products) Regulations, 2013.

 

Agriculture Marketing Authority (Command Agriculture Scheme for Domestic Crop, Livestock and Fisheries Production) Regulations, 2017 (S.I. 79 of 2017).

 

  

By using unidroit.org you agree to our use of cookies to enhance your experience.     I understand   Know more